Emerald Ash Borer | South Dakota Department of Agriculture

Emerald Ash Borer

EAB Adult

Emerald Ash Borer, Leah Bauer, USDA Forest Service Northern Research Station

Emerald ash borer (EAB) has not been detected in South Dakota.

The emerald ash borer was first detected in Michigan in July 2002 after it was accidentally shipped over in ash crates from China. It is a boring beetle that feeds on all species of North American ash, Fraxinus. Adults are about half an inch long, slender, and a metallic green color. They normally emerge from ash trees during June or July and leave behind D-shaped exit holes about 1/8" in size. The larvae are about 1 and 1/4" long, white, and segmented. EAB larva feeds on the tissues underneath the bark. As they move around to feed they create tunnels, also known as galleries, which inhibit the tree's ability to transport water and nutrients leading to the death of the tree. We are able to tell a tree has been visited by the beetle by the symptoms the tree show. This includes a thinning appearance of the canopy, sprouting from the base and trunk, bark splitting, increased woodpecker activity and the D-shaped exit holes. The adults fly off to feed and lay eggs in another ash tree, thus restarting the life cycle.

D-shaped exit hold, David R. McKay, USDA APHIS PPQ

The most common way EAB is spread is by moving ash firewood from infested areas to non-infested areas. Keep in mind that the beetle emerges from the wood in the summer months, so be sure to destroy or burn any out of state ash wood immediately. However, it is preferred that you use locally cut firewood to even further reduce the chances of spreading EAB. This would prevent EAB from having the chance to become established in South Dakota.

  • Emerald Ash Borer Brochure Keeping the Emerald Ash Borer out of South Dakota
  • Emerald Ash Borer Community Action Plan
  • Emerald Ash Borer Pest Alert
  • Emerald Ash Borer Poster
  • Emerald Ash Borer Readiness Plan
  • Emerald Ash Borer Wanted Brochure
  • South Dakota Emerald Ash Borer Response Plan Field Procedures
  • Emerald Ash Borer News

    Firewood Will Be the Most Likely Transporter of EAB to SD

    May 21-27 is Emerald Ash Borer Awareness Week. In this SD Ag Chat, hear why firewood is the most likely way the harmful insect will get to South Dakota.

    Audio can be downloaded from the SD Ag Chat podcast website.

    Increase Diversity, Plant Trees to Prepare for Emerald Ash Borer

    May 23, 2017

    PIERRE, S.D.- Spring is the best time of year to plant new trees to get them established. With that in mind, the South Dakota Department of Agriculture’s (SDDA) Resource Conservation and Forestry Division (RCF) encourages South Dakotans to plant different varieties of trees. Read more...

    Emerald Ash Borer Awareness Week is May 21-27 in South Dakota

    May 22, 2017

    PIERRE, S.D. – Gov. Dennis Daugaard has proclaimed May 21-27, 2017 as Emerald Ash Borer Awareness Week in South Dakota. Read more...

    Not Time to Treat Ash Trees for EAB — Yet

    June 21, 2016

    PIERRE, S.D. – The recent find of the emerald ash borer (EAB) in Omaha, Neb., has renewed interest in the invasive insect. However, the borer has still not been found in South Dakota and residents are advised to hold off on treating their ash trees. Read more...

    Emerald Ash Borer Found in Omaha, Still Not in South Dakota

    June 13, 2016

    PIERRE, S.D. – Emerald ash borer has been found in Omaha, Neb., but it still has not been found in South Dakota. Read more...

    For up-to-date emerald ash borer locations, click here.