What Trees Will Be Most Affected? | South Dakota Department of Agriculture

What Trees Will Be Most Affected?

The commonly planted species with the highest tolerance to flooding may be able to withstand more than a month of flooding. Trees with an intermediate tolerance to flooding may be able to withstand several weeks to a month of flooding. The trees with the lowest tolerance to flooding may decline after only weeks of flooding.

High Tolerance Intermediate Tolerance Low Tolerance
Boxelder - Acer negundo

Freeman Maples - Acer x freeman

Norway Maple - Acer platanoides

Red Maple - Acer rubrum

Silver Maple - Acer saccharinum

Sugar Maple - Acer saccharum

Green Ash - Fraxinus pennsylvanica

River Birch - Betula nigra

Ohio Buckeye - Aesculus glabra

Black Ash - Fraxinus nigra

Hackberry - Celtis occidentalis

Birch (except river birch) -Betula spp.

Black Willow - Salix nigra

White Ash - Fraxinus americana

Most Hawthorns - Crataegus spp.


Honeylocust - Gleditsia triacanthos

Russian-olive - Elaeaganus angustifolia

Cottonwood and Poplars - Populus spp. Kentucky Coffeetree -Gymncladus dioicus
Bur Oak and Swamp White Oak - Quercus spp. Black Walnut - Juglans nigra
American Elm - Ulmus americana Apples and Crabapples - Malus spp.
All Cherries (including black cherry) - Prunus spp.
Pines - Pinus spp.
Spruce - Picea spp.
Northern Red Oak - Quercus rubra
Mountain Ash - Sorbus spp.
Lindens - Tilia spp.
Hybrid Elms (Discovery and Accolade) - Ulmus spp.
Siberian Elm - Ulmus pumila

* Taken in part from Flood-damaged Trees, South Dakota Cooperative Extension Service publication: EXEX6025, 2011.